UPC-E is also known as
- Universal Product Code version E
- UPC-E Supplement 5/Five-digit Add-On
- UPC-E Supplement 2/Two-digit Add-On
- GTIN-12 with lead “0”
UPC-E is a variation of UPC-A which allows for a more compact barcode by eliminating “extra” zeros. Since the resulting UPC-E barcode is about half the size as an UPC-A barcode, UPC-E is generally used on products with very small packaging where a full UPC-A barcode couldn’t reasonably fit. A UPC-E barcode represents 6 digits with an implied number system 0. However, a Number System 1 can be used as well. Sample of a UPC-E Barcode The value to encode by UPC-E has the following structure and it’s the same as for UPC-A: 1 digit for Number System (0: regular UPC codes, 1: reserved, 2: random weight items marked at the store, 3: National Drug Code and National Health Related Items code, 4: no format restrictions, for in-store use on non-food items, 5: for use on coupons, 6: reserved, 7: regular UPC codes, 8: reserved, 9: reserved) 5 digits for Manufacturer (Company) Code or prefix. This number is assigned by the Uniform Code Council (UCC) 5 digits for Product Code which is assigned by the manufacturer 1 digit for checksum Add-On or Supplement code The Add-On Symbols were designed to encode information supplementary to that in the main bar code symbol on periodicals and paperback books. The Add-On can be composed of 2 or 5 digits only. Sample of an UPC-E Two-Digit Add-On Barcode Light Margin Indicators – a greater than (>) and/or less than (<) character – are intended to protected the essential light areas to the left and right of the code that the barcode scanner needs to recognize the beginning and end.